watchcoinprice.com · It's possible, but unlikely that your wallet id will be displayed in the “Wallet ID” field of the login form · Click on “View. Most wallets make your BTC address readily accessible. You can usually find your address by tapping “Receive” or “Receive BTC” in your. Step 1: Log in to your Coinbase account. · Step 2: Click on the “Accounts” tab. · Step 3: Click on the “Receive” button within your bitcoin (BTC) wallet. · Step 4. PLACES THAT TAKE CRYPTOCURRENCY
The 3 most popular methods are:. Most exchanges give you a BTC address when you create an account. Exodus and Jaxx are two solid options that not only support Bitcoin but other coins as well. Coinbase , although known primarily as an exchange, also provides you with a wallet when you use their service. Offline wallets are the suggested way to get an address to store your Bitcoin.
You can either use a hardware wallet like Trezor and Ledger or create a paper wallet for your funds. Because these wallets are offline, you mitigate the risk of being hacked by using them. Hardware wallets are the most expensive option, but their security and multiple coin support usually make them worth the higher price tag. Paper wallets are free. To create one, follow the instructions on a website like bitaddress.
This wallet will include your private key as well as your public BTC address. Blockchain domain registry sites are changing how we register, manage and resolve domain names on the blockchain. Each blockchain DNS domain name system is decentralized; it runs on a peer-to-peer server system without the need for a middleman or central governing body. Blockchain domain registry sites are based on smart contracts.
When buying a domain…. What is my BTC address? Steven Buchko. Are Ethereum addresses case sensitive? Once all the other fields have been filled out, including the transaction amount, you will be able to initiate the process from your end. Since Bitcoin addresses are generally too long and quite hard to memorize for most people, QR codes have become a relatively popular method to share them.
A long string of alphanumeric characters may appear daunting to someone unfamiliar with Bitcoin, but if the same thing is presented in the form of a barcode instead, they are much more likely to understand how the system works. In fact, considering how easy it is to commit an error while manually entering a bitcoin address, this method is almost universally preferred.
The naming scheme for these keys is rather straightforward, with one referred to as a public key and the other, a private key. A Bitcoin address is essentially another form of the generated public key and therefore, can be distributed or advertised anywhere without the risk of losing your bitcoin. The private key, on the other hand, gives anyone full control over the Bitcoin stored on the address. In this way, ownership of the public-private key pair together is all anyone needs to rebuild a wallet from scratch.
If your private key is leaked, a malicious individual could transfer all Bitcoin residing in that wallet to his own address. That is why, a private key should be treated with no less caution than a traditional, physical wallet itself. Unless you use a desktop or hardware wallet , there is very little chance that you have ever had access to your private key. Online Bitcoin wallet services, including those offered by exchanges such as Coinbase and Kraken, tend to give users only a receiving, public address.
To combat this, some wallet services have begun offering the option of changing your address after every transaction or a fixed amount of time. Given that privacy and anonymity are one of the fundamental principles of the Bitcoin Network, using a wallet that changes the receiving address is often very useful. In fact, some other cryptocurrencies have been specifically designed around this feature, with privacy-focused Monero being the most popular example.
So, I hope this guide has helped you understand how Bitcoin addresses function. If you still have doubts, feel free to ask in the comment section below.
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Most cryptocurrency mobile wallets are capable of storing a wide range of cryptocurrencies in a single place and can be used on both Android and iOS devices. Your first port of call for a mobile cryptocurrency wallet will likely be the Google Play Store or Apple App Store , depending on your smartphone operating system.
Search for terms such as "Bitcoin wallet" or "cryptocurrency wallet" to find a mobile wallet that meets your requirements. It's important to pay close attention to the reviews; a number of fake wallet apps designed to steal cryptocurrency private keys and seed phrases have been known to slip past checks and end up on these app stores.
We recommend sticking with wallets that have a large number of users and excellent reviews. You can also check the Decrypt reviews section , which is continually updated with our latest reviews of trustworthy mobile wallets. Once you've chosen a suitable mobile wallet, you'll be able to create your Bitcoin wallet in the app. This usually involves creating a unique security PIN to control access to the wallet.
You'll also likely need to write down a 12 to word recovery phrase; this is extremely important as it's used to restore your wallet if you lose access to your device. People have been known to go to extreme lengths to keep their seed phrases secure, from etching them on metal plates to splitting them up and storing them in separate safety deposit boxes the approach taken by Bitcoin billionaires the Winklevoss twins.
Arguably the most secure way to create a Bitcoin wallet is by using one of the many cryptocurrency hardware wallets available. These are essentially physical vaults that allow users to store cryptocurrencies in an offline environment and are secured by a number of hardware and software-based security layers.
Most cryptocurrency hardware wallets are secure against a wide range of attacks, but they can be costly, making them best suited for those with an extensive cryptocurrency portfolio. Like most modern cryptocurrency wallets, hardware wallets generally allow users to generate addresses for a wide variety of cryptocurrencies, but Bitcoin, Ethereum ETH , and Tether USDT are supported by most offerings.
To create your Bitcoin wallet on a hardware wallet, you'll first need to set up the device. During this process, you may be asked to select which cryptocurrencies you want to manage on the device. Alternatively, some hardware wallets, like those produced by Ledger, allow you to quickly add and remove support for different cryptocurrencies using a companion app. Depending on the device you use, you'll then be able to generate your Bitcoin wallet either on-device or using the associated app.
Again, this will generally involve recording a recovery phrase and setting a PIN to limit access to the device. Cryptocurrency exchanges are an extremely popular way to store Bitcoin, since they also typically offer a free cryptocurrency wallet. A large proportion of the most popular cryptocurrency exchanges allow users to store and manage a wide variety of cryptocurrencies after simply opening an account, but others require users to complete identity verification and an anti-money laundering AML questionnaire before this feature is enabled.
Once you've enabled the wallet feature on your cryptocurrency exchange of choice, you'll be able to find or generate a deposit address in your account, usually in the deposit or wallet section of the website. Most cryptocurrency exchanges do not allow users to generate multiple addresses for a single cryptocurrency, forcing them to reuse the same address for each transaction.
Although most cryptocurrency exchanges provide users with a cryptocurrency wallet, it's important to note that not all exchanges are trustworthy. There are number of fake exchanges that exist for no other purpose than to steal the deposits of the unfortunate individuals who register there. Because of this, it's important to do your own research before choosing an exchange, being wary not to use platforms without a good reputation.
Some of the most established and trustworthy names in the space include Coinbase , Binance , Kraken , and Gemini , but there are many other options available. Price data by. The first step to performing any crypto transaction is getting a wallet that supports the coin or token you want to buy.
Most ATMs allow you to use QR codes in order to minimize the risk of sending your new crypto to the wrong wallet address. If you choose not to go with the QR code option, please remember to double-check the address you entered. Confirm the purchase and wait for your new cryptocurrency to arrive in your wallet. All Bitcoin ATM operators have different policies when it comes to transaction fees. Some of them can be quite high, so sometimes it can be worth it to travel a bit further to take advantage of the lowest fees in the area.
As cryptocurrencies become more widely accepted, the number of active Bitcoin ATMs is likely to increase, and the fees will probably go down. By the way, you can always buy any of almost cryptocurrencies on Changelly. Pay with any method that suits you most — credit or debit card Visa, Mastercard , Apple Pay, bank transfer. The future of Bitcoin ATMs largely depends on the further development of the crypto industry. As Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies become more popular and, even more importantly, more widely accepted as a payment method in various businesses and services, the number of cryptocurrency ATMs you see on the streets will also increase.
Various researchers have studied the cryptocurrency ATM market and came to the conclusion that it is going to see significant growth in the next few years. Experts from Allied Market Research, for example, predict that this industry is likely to grow at a CAGR compound annual growth rate of If you are buying BTC, then you can use cash. While some Bitcoin ATMs may ask you to create an account, not all of them do so.
Most ATMs can be used by simply entering a text verification code. They are designed to be secure and protect your funds, but please always remember to be cautious when using them. Most Bitcoin ATMs accept cash only.
How do i find my bitcoin address where to buy bitcoin other than coinbaseHow to get a Bitcoin Wallet Address - FREE \u0026 in under a minute
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For more information see the screenshot in the next question here. If you pause your mouse cursor over the fee slider you should see an informative tooltip. The further to the right you move the fee slider the higher the fee you pay and the faster the transaction is likely to confirm. For more granular control over the fee you can see the article about setting fees manually.
You can find out what your wallet type is by looking at the Electrum window title. Does it say 2fa or 2 factor authentication there? If yes then the fees are for the services of the co-signing company Trusted Coin. Trusted Coin co-signs your transactions if you provide it with the correct google authorization code from your mobile phone when spending your bitcoins.
This is an additional layer of security for your wallet and that is what you are paying for. Receiving bitcoin is always free. Start by creating a new standard wallet and then grab a receiving address from that wallet and send all your coins to it using your 2fa wallet. This means you are trying to send very small amounts of bitcoin i.
So please change the unit of account in electrum to btc and try again. Then try to send money again keeping in mind that you are now dealing with bitcoin and not millibitcoin. Why am I getting the message "mempool min fee not met" when sending bitcoin? The Electrum server you are connected to has a pool of unconfirmed, or pending confirmation, transactions called the mempool.
You can try raising the fee or switch to a different electrum server and attempt to send the coins again. For more granular control over fees see this article. Generally speaking if you want to know about transactions that have actually occurred you should focus on the history tab not the send or receive tabs. In most cases Electrum will pick up your wallet file and automatically upgrade it without you having to do anything. What is the difference between legacy p2pkh , native segwit p2wpkh or p2wsh and p2sh segwit p2wpkh-p2sh?
These are also called bech32 addresses after the encoding scheme used. The difference between p2wpkh and p2wsh is that p2wpkh is your regular single signature address while p2wsh is used for multisignature and smart contract scripts. Native segwit costs the least in transaction fees.
To create a native segwit wallet in electrum just choose segwit in step 4 of the guide. Note that compatibility is only a problem when receiving bitcoin. You can send to any and all addresses, websites and wallets using any of the wallet types above. How do I update Electrum when my Linux distro does not have the required Python 3. Use the appimage instead.
It comes with python 3. I updated Electrum when prompted to do so and now all my bitcoins are gone! Most likely you fell victim to the phishing vulnerability. There is nothing that can be done to retrieve your money. Sorry for your loss. Why won't Electrum accept my seed when I attempt to restore my wallet from it? Here are some things you can try to solve this issue:. Does your seed mnemonic have the right number of words? Missing words are one possible reason that Electrum will not accept your seed.
However, note that the above are typical seed lengths. It is possible to get shorter or longer seeds depending on how the seed was generated. The order and spelling of the words in your seed matters. While only you know the order of the words when it comes to the spelling you can refer to the Electrum dictionary. The dictionary for pre Make sure that all the words in your seed are present in the dictionary and spelled correctly. Was your seed created using other wallet software?
If yes then it is most likely a BIP39 seed. On the seed entry screen click on options and check bip Unfortunately due to the way virus scanners work and the way Electrum is packaged on windows it is often incorrectly flagged as a virus.
As long as you verified the download file you can ignore the antivirus and install electrum. If you scroll down to the bottom of the download page you can see an official statement on the matter. You have completed the process of restoring your wallet from seed but you find that the wallet that has been created is different from the one that you expected. There are two possibilities:. Replace 50 with the gap limit you used before. Restart Electrum for the change to take effect.
It is really a different wallet: Make sure you are using mainnet Electrum. To use Electrum on mainnet, i. You may have to restore your wallet from seed again. Did you extend the seed with custom words? During the seed entry step of the wallet restoration process you have an options button next to the seed field. If you click on that you get the option to extend the seed with custom words.
Was the seed originally generated in a different wallet software i. If the seed is from a different wallet software you need to pay attention to the notes in step 4 and 5 here when restoring the wallet. Was the seed generated in pre 2. The problem with these legacy seeds is that they have no checksum in them. So the onus is on you to make sure you get the order of the words correct. A different order will lead to a different wallet. This bug affected versions prior to 3.
If you created or opened more than one wallet during a single session and the storage device your wallet was stored on was malfunctioning your wallet may have been corrupted. It seems to have disproportionately affected people using portable Electrum off a usb drive. The seed you have is for a different wallet. Search for the seed for the wallet you want to restore. Back to the top. Usually transactions confirmation within an hour.
First of all you have to be using the latest version of Electrum. Download and install the latest version of Electrum like you did the last time to upgrade. Then you can try any one of these steps to get your transaction confirmed:. To prevent this sort of thing from happening in future please enable dynamic fees and replace by fee RBF in Electrum.
Dynamic fees means that Electrum automatically sets a suitable fee based on market conditions. RBF marks a transaction as replaceable so that if it gets stuck due to low fees you can create a higher fee replacement transaction in Electrum. The increase fee option mentioned earlier is what does that.
Then use the fee slider on the send tab to set a fee when sending bitcoin. The further to the right you move the slider the faster your transaction will confirm and the higher the fee you will pay. Pausing your mouse cursor on the fee slider will display a tooltip with useful information about the fee. Electrum is stuck at synchronizing or will not connect. What can I do to fix this? If either of these is what you are seeing then try these steps:. To enable debug logging see this question.
You can grab the log files from your data dir which is here. Community forums are given here. You can ask for help on the forum , reddit or electrum IRC channel on freenode. Are you talking about importing private keys? There was a change in the user interface with Electrum 3.
So make sure you follow the guide above which works with the latest version of electrum. My private key is 52 digits long, generated via bitaddress. I have the latest version and totally tries to follow those steps, but my problem is, instead of Electrum letting me write down my private key in the window where I should write it, it only lets me write down my Public key.
One or more characters in your private key are incorrect. WIF has a checksum to detect typos and character omissions. Your private key must not be passing the checksum test. Since you are familiar with bitaddress I suggest running that site offline and pasting in your private key on the wallet details tab of it. If there is a problem with the private key bitaddress should point it out to you too. I am using a new computer now and am trying to transfer the wallet to my new computer.
I restored the seed, tried, using a standard wallet, the seed and public key is correct, but it says synchronizing and am not seeing the coins in the new wallet. I was happily using Electrum 2. I upgraded to 3. Instead, a new empty wallet was created. The server that is automatically selected is kirsche. I suggest you create a thread on one of the community forums because this comments area is not good for a back and forth conversation which is required to diagnose your problem.
See here for links to community forums:. Your website have helped me few times. Thanks but I do this to give back to the community. If you like you can donate to an electrum server. Wat is goin on. Can you use the 2FA feature with your Electrum wallet but use the desktop version of the Electrum wallet,. I am lost! I have followed the steps but my wallet still shows no balance.
Anyone was able to recover their BTC? I bought bitcoins in january I have put them in Electrum wallet wich I recall seeing the bitcoin in that wallet. I changed the computer since then and reinstall Electrum. I have my seed phrase 12 words , my old password and I still know the deposit address used for get the btc wich I know they are unspent still in the wallet. No balance. Hi, I used my other software wallet on a different device to transfer funds to my electrum wallet using the QR code from the section under the receive tab.
The original wallet says that the transaction was confirmed on the blockchain and so I checked my electrum wallet and no funds have appeared even after a week. Nothing under the history tab indicates that a transaction has occurred or any funds were received to my electrum wallet.
I reached out to the tech support of the previous wallet and they told me that everything indicates that the funds were sent and I have had no problems with this other wallet before. This is quite bizarre. Could anybody provide some suggestions on what to do to determine what happened on the Electrum end of things?
Hello i have bitcoin on electrum from circa but i dont know how to access them from where they are because i have mispaced them is there any way of accessing them from electrum program from that missing location or what should i do i was only a teenager then and not thinking about how to store them also can you sign into electrum website online cache wallet thats where i thin i saved them with the black background and the logo with writing.
Could I restore my wallet to by bass this block? Maybe on a Tezor? Could I restore my wallet to bypass this? I have the mobile wallet version 4. Unfortunately, the transaction is still left as unpaid even after I add my password. I updated the app but maybe the age of the phone is complicating things?
Does the mobile version of the program allows Sweeping a bitaddress paper wallet? I am having a big issue on Blockchain that I cannot seem to figure out for the life of me! I am definitley new to all of this so I am learning as I go. I did 3 Bitcoin generations the other day that I have not yet recieved payment for but I have already sent payment for each one and the have all been confirmed several times over.
The only thing that I see that might have something to do with it is that right next to where it says Imported Bitcoin addresses it also says Verify Message but when I click on it, it comes up blank. I have no idea what to do… I feel like I have lost all of those funds already.. Someone please help! Someone please help!! Is there a method to show a list of amounts of funds received to address? Or show whole history of address with amounts. I have a Ledger Nano with several wallets created using Ledger Live.
But when connecting to Electrum I can only see wallet 0 the first. Is there a way in Electrum to access the other wallets? Thanks, Followed your instructions. And it was spot on!!! However Ledger Live support Taproot. And hoping for the same that is displayed in Ledger Live. Got a bc1q…. Earliest transaction is When checking BTC. The reason is that output of btc is a pay to public key output not a pay to public key hash output.
Thanks for explaining this. Had no idea it was possible. The outcome was exactly as in Electrum. Now you got me curious on the concept of P2PK so of course had to read up on the subject. Is it possible to enter the public key in Bitcoin Core or Electrum? Or is the private key the only option to see the true output of this address? I did put the link in this post in case others would like to know.
Hope this is okay. Your email address will not be published. How can I tell what my wallet type is and what my wallet file name is? How does a 2fa wallet work? What do the transaction status messages on the history tab mean? What do transaction confirmations mean? Receiving bitcoin Where is my bitcoin address? Why does it say "pending" next to my transaction? What can I do if I haven't received bitcoins sent to me? Why does Electrum give me a different address everytime?
Will my old address no longer work or do addresses expire? How can I tell if an address belongs to my wallet? Why am I being told my address is an invalid bitcoin address? What does a red background on the address field on the receive tab mean? Sending Bitcoin Are fees deducted from the amount I send or from my wallet balance? How can I find out how much I will pay in fees when sending bitcoin? Why did my wallet send money to an unknown address without my permission? Why am I getting the error message "Not enough funds"?
Why am I getting the error message "dust outputs"? Why does it say unpaid on the send tab? Install or update What steps should I take to secure my coins before updating Electrum? My seed is not restoring my wallet! What can I do? Why is my anti-virus scanner flagging the electrum download? Why does restoring my wallet from seed lead to a different wallet? Troubleshooting My bitcoin transaction is not confirming.
What can I do if Electrum won't start? Why is the Electrum menu bar missing on Ubuntu? My question is not answered here. Where can I get help? How do I open a different wallet? The wallet file is located here. Back to the top How can I tell what my wallet type is and what my wallet file name is?
The Electrum window title should list the wallet type and filename. Back to the top How does a 2fa wallet work? Back to the top What do the transaction status messages on the history tab mean? Here is what they mean: Unconfirmed Transactions These are transactions that have yet to be incorporated by miners in the blockchain.
If you wish to broadcast this transaction right click on it and choose details. Then click on broadcast. Then, click on the hyperlink on the left-hand side of the interface you just added to open up the "General Configuration" page for that interface. You can leave all of the other settings on their defaults, click "Save" at the bottom of the page and then "Apply Changes" at the top of the page.
Now, you need to set up some firewall rules for this new LAN. Navigate to the "Firewall" tab, then "Rules. Then, click on the green box with the up arrow and the word "Add. Now you can test your new network by physically connecting a computer to the corresponding RJ45 port on the network card and then try to access the internet. If everything worked, then you should be able to browse the wide-open web.
However, you may notice that if you are on your secondary LAN and you try to log into your firewall, you will be able to do so using the " Personally, I only want my firewall accessible from my "LANwork" network. I do not want my wife and kids or guests to be able to log into the firewall from their designated "LANhome" network. Even though I have a high-entropy password to get into the firewall, I am still going to configure the other LANs so that they cannot talk to the router. One area of concern I have, that this kind of configuration will help alleviate, is if I plug an ASIC into my network with some malicious firmware installed on it, I can keep that device isolated and prevent that security concern from affecting other devices and information that I have, which is why one of the LANs I am setting up is called "LANtest," which will be dedicated to keeping new ASICs totally isolated so I can test them in safety without allowing a potential attack to occur on my other ASICs or other devices on my home's networks.
Click on the green box with the up arrow and word "Add" in it. Having a high-entropy password to log into the router and locking down the port is a great start, but you can further sequester your LAN networks and ensure that devices on one network cannot get onto any of the other networks at all by setting up an alias for your primary LAN. Now I can add additional aliases that will be referenced in firewall rules on the other LANs to prevent "LANminers" from talking to "LANwork," "LANhome," and "LANtest" — so on and so forth until all my networks are sequestered in a way that only my firewall can see what is connected on the other networks.
With the alias created, a new firewall rule can be applied referencing this alias on the secondary LAN. Once I created the aliases and set the firewall rules, I was then able to connect my laptop to each network card RJ45 interface port and attempt to ping each of the other networks. That takes care of the advanced features that I wanted to share with you. You should now have some firewall rules set up and multiple networks sequestered. The key points to keep in mind here is that I made this a dedicated LAN specifically for a WiFi access point for my family and guests to link to without giving them access to my pfSense firewall or any other LANs.
But they still have unrestricted access to the wide-open web. Inside this kit is a WiFi router and a repeater satellite. The basic idea is that the WiFi router gets connected to the pfSense firewall directly with an Ethernet cable on the igb2 "LANhome" port. Then, the WiFi router broadcasts the signal to the repeater satellite in another area of the house.
Like this, I can increase the WiFi signal coverage to a wider area. Now my family, guests and I can browse the wide-open web from our devices via WiFi with no dropouts in the whole house and I don't have to be concerned with anyone accessing my sensitive work network, or my ASIC network or my test network. WireGuard is a VPN software protocol that can be installed on your pfSense firewall, then you can use that protocol to define how you construct your tunnels with your VPN provider.
This prevents your ISP from seeing your data or where it's final destination is. WireGuard is a recent addition to the lineup of VPN protocols, it is open-source, and comparatively "light," with less code and faster speeds than some others. The speed part was key for me considering that added latency can decrease an ASICs efficiency.
Another benefit of VPNs is that your geographic location can be spoofed, meaning that if you are in one part of the world, you can use a VPN tunnel to a VPN provider's server in another part of the world and it will appear as though your internet traffic is coming from that server. This is beneficial for people who live in authoritative countries where access to certain websites and services is restricted.
Keep in mind that you have to trust that your VPN provider is not logging your IP address or that it could or would turn this information over to authorities if pressed. Mullvad collects no personal information about you, not even an email address.
Plus, it accepts bitcoin or cash so you can pay for the service without the risk of linking your banking details. Mullvad also has a "no-logging" policy, which you can read here. For my specific use case here, I will be using a VPN to ensure my ISP does not see that I am mining Bitcoin and to also prevent my mining pool, Slush Pool , from seeing my real IP address — not because I am doing anything illegal or because I think Slush Pool is logging my IP address, but simply because these are tumultuous times with a quickly-changing political environment and the things I do legally today could very well be outlawed tomorrow.
Or, if some legislation was passed making it illegal for a person to operate a Bitcoin miner in the United States without a money transmitter's license, for example, then I could spoof my location so that if Slush Pool's hand were forced to block IP addresses coming from the United States, I could continue mining as it would appear my hash rate was originating from outside the United States. Considering that the blockchain is forever and the future is uncertain, I think it is worth taking the time to figure out how to guard my privacy.
By taking steps today to increase my privacy and security, I can ensure that my freedom and my pursuit of happiness are guarded. The vast majority of the information presented in this section comes from watching Christian McDonald videos on YouTube.
I want to specifically point out this video of his on using the WireGuard package in pfSense to set up Mullvad in a way to have multiple tunnels that allow load balancing your traffic seamlessly:. However, Mullvad does accept bitcoin and does not require any identifying information. Before I show you how to set up your Mullvad subscription, we'll get the WireGuard package installed to your pfSense firewall.
Then, we'll set up a Mullvad account and generate the configuration files. Then, we can get multiple tunnels set up and do some fancy configurations in pfSense. Mullvad does not collect any information from you such as name, phone number, email, etc. Mullvad generates a unique account number and this is the only identifying piece of information you get related to your account, so write it down and secure it.
Next, select your payment method. You will be presented with a Bitcoin address QR code to send your payment to. Check the mempool to see when your Bitcoin transaction gets confirmed. You may need to wait a while depending on network congestion. After confirmation on chain, the Mullvad account is topped off and should show that you have time remaining. Make considerations about selecting a server location from Mullvad's long list of servers.
If you're planning on running ASICs behind your VPN, then I recommend connecting to a server relatively close to your actual geographic location to try and help reduce any latency as much as possible. The basic idea here is that I want to have a primary tunnel set up for the ASICs, but I also want a secondary tunnel setup with another server in a different geographic location just in case the primary tunnel connection goes offline.
This way, my mining internet traffic will automatically switch over to the other tunnel and there will be no interruption in concealing my public IP address or encrypting my traffic data. To do this, I will need as many key pairs as I want tunnels. One Mullvad subscription includes up to five key pairs. Then click on "Generate Keys" for as many key pairs as you want, up to five keys. Then click on "Manage Keys" below that to see your list.
Be cautious about sharing this information with anyone, you want to keep your Mullvad keys private. You can see that I generated four keys for this guide, which I will destroy after I'm finished using them as examples.
Each configuration file needs to be set up with a specific Mullvad server of your choosing. If you try to assign two tunnels to the same key, pfSense will encounter problems with your VPN. Repeat this process for as many keys as you generated, selecting a different server for each unique key and generating the configuration file. I found it helpful to name the configuration file as the city and server used. WireGuard will automatically generate the public key when you paste the private key and hit the "tab" key on your keyboard.
You can verify that the public key was correctly generated by comparing it to the key on the Mullvad website that you generated earlier. Repeat this process for as many tunnels as you want. Each tunnel will get its own peer. You can add a "Peer" by first navigating to the "Peer" tab next to the "Tunnels" tab that you were just on.
Then click on "Add Peer. Repeat this process for as many peers as you have tunnels. At this point, you should be able to navigate to the "Status" tab and observe the handshakes taking place by clicking on "Show Peers" in the lower right-hand corner. After all of your tunnels are added, click on the blue hyperlink next to each added tunnel to configure the interface.
After clicking on "Add A New Gateway," you will be presented with the below pop-up dialog. Once you are back at the interface configuration page, click on "Save" at the bottom of the page. Then click on "Apply Changes" at the top of the page. Repeat that process to create a gateway for each tunnel interface you added.
Make sure you use the correct Mullvad configuration file for each one as they all contain different host IP addresses. At this point, you can navigate to your dashboard and monitor the status of your gateways. If you have not done so already, you can customize your dashboard to monitor several stats in pfSense. On my dashboard, for example, I have three columns, starting with the "System Information.
In the third column, I have the "Gateway" status and "Services" status. This way, I can quickly check and monitor the status of all sorts of things. What I want to point out about the dashboard is that in the "Gateways" section, you will notice that all of the gateways are online. The gateways will be online so long as the tunnel is active, even if the remote side is not responding. This is because they are the local interface, so right now they are useless since even if the remote side goes down, they will still show as online.
In order to enable the ability to monitor latency so that these gateways can provide some useful stats, I need to give these gateways a public domain name system DNS address to monitor. You'll notice that all the tunnel ping times are zero milliseconds.
That's because I'm not sending any data out through these tunnels. By pinging a public DNS server, pfSense can get some useful metrics and make decisions about which tunnel will provide the least latency or if a remote server goes down to reroute traffic. Watch for the recorded uptime percentage, the more the better. Each gateway will need a separate DNS address to monitor. Click on the pencil icon next to your gateway. That is why the ping time is zero milliseconds and this is also why pfSense will think the gateway is always up.
Then click on "Apply Changes" at the top of the screen. Remember, gateways cannot share the same DNS monitor address so use a different public DNS server for each gateway to monitor. Now, if you go back to your dashboard and look at your gateway monitor, you should see that there are some actual latency metrics to observe.
With this information, you can set up your gateways in order of priority based on which ones have the lowest latency for your internet traffic. So, for example, if you are mining Bitcoin, then you will want to prioritize your ASICs to go through the tunnel with the lowest latency first. Then if that tunnel fails, the firewall can automatically switch them to the next tier gateway with the second to smallest latency and so on.
Everything is looking good so far, the tunnels are active and there is data going through the gateways. Next, we need to define some outbound network address translation NAT mapping on the firewall. Repeat this process for each of the tunnel interfaces.
You can set a mapping for your mining LAN to all five of your tunnels if you want. You can also have multiple LANs mapped to the same tunnel if you want, there is a lot of flexibility. With the mappings all in place, we can add firewall rules. For example, I'm setting up my "LANwork" network in this screenshot:. In a later step, I will show you how to set up the automatic load balancing between tunnels for the mining LAN which will replace the two rules I just added to "LANminers," but I want to make sure everything is set up and working correctly first.
To double check that everything is working so far and that each of my LANs is getting different public-facing IPs, I will enter "ifconfig. If everything is working correctly, then I should have different locations for each LAN I plug into and ping from:.
Everything worked as planned, first try. While connected to each LAN, I was able to disable the corresponding firewall rule and refresh the page and watch my IP address change back to my actual rough geographic area. If you recall, I had set up two tunnels for my "LANminers" network. When I disabled the one firewall rule corresponding to the Miami tunnel and refresh my browser, it immediately switched to an IP address in Seattle.
So, each LAN is sending traffic through a different tunnel and all of my tunnels are working as expected. However, in regards to my "LANminers" network, I want pfSense to automatically switch between the Miami and Seattle tunnels based on latency or downed servers. With a couple more steps, I can get this configured to switch automatically and replace the two firewalls rules with a new single rule. Now, this gateway group can be used in a firewall rule to policy route that traffic accordingly.
Go ahead and disable the two rules you set up previously for testing the VPN tunnels by clicking on the crossed out circle next to the rule. Click on "Apply Changes," then click on "Add" at the bottom. To test this, plug a laptop into your dedicated Ethernet port on your network card for your mining LAN. This is "igb3" in my case. Make sure your WiFi is off. Open a web browser and type "ifconfig. The results should put you in the location of one of your VPN tunnels. In my case, it was Miami. At the very top of that configuration page, uncheck the box for "Enable Interface.
This has just disabled the Miami tunnel that my LANminers was sending traffic through. Back on the laptop, refresh the browser with the ifconfig. It should now be putting your location in Seattle, or wherever your secondary tunnel was set to. Sometimes, I have to completely close my browser and re-open it to clear the cache.
Make sure you go back to your Miami interface and re-check the box to enable that interface, then save, and apply. That's it, you should be good to go. Keep in mind that firewall rules work in a top-down fashion. Next, I'll get into how to help prevent ad tracking.
Advertising companies are very interested in you and as much information as they can get about you. Unfortunately, when you browse the internet, it is easy to leak this sought after information. This information is monetized to target specific audiences with products and services with surgical-like precision. You may have experienced doing an online search for something and then later noticed advertisements popping up in your social media feed that match your recent searches.
This is made possible by gathering as much information about your internet searches, which websites you visit, which pictures you look at, what you download, what you listen to, your location, what's in your shopping cart, what payment methods you use, the time and date of all this activity, then linking that information to uniquely-identifiable constants like the specific web browser you are using and on which device you are using it. Combine this information with your IP address, ISP account and social media profile and you can start to see how there is a honeypot of information about you that you may not want so readily available to corporations, law enforcement, strangers or hackers.
Between cookies , browser fingerprinting and behavioral tracking it can seem like the odds are stacked against you. But there are simple steps you can take to start guarding your privacy now. It would be a shame to allow perfect be the enemy of good and hold you back from getting started. In this section, you will see how to incorporate ad-blocking capabilities by modifying the DNS server and DHCP server settings in your firewall.
At a high level, you type a website name into your web browser, that gets sent to a DNS server usually your ISP's DNS server , and that server translates the human-readable text into an IP address and sends that back to your browser so it knows which web server you are trying to reach. Additionally, targeted ads are also sent to you this way. If you get DNS leaks, depending on which browser you are using, you may find helpful instructions from Mullvad here to harden your browser and help prevent ad and tracking at the browser level.
Then try again. If you have problems blocking ads with your preferred browser, consider using a more privacy-focused browser like UnGoogled Chromium :. Tor is another browser I would recommend to use as much as possible, just in general. Mullvad provides a few different DNS-resolving servers that can be found listed in this Mullvad article. For this example, I will use the " Make sure to refer to the Mullvad website for the latest updated DNS server IP addresses as these may change occasionally.
If you used my recommendation from the beginning of the guide, then this should already be set but you will need to follow the DHCP instructions below. Repeat this step for all of your LANs if you have multiple networks setup. Now you should have an ad-tracker blocking DNS server configured at the firewall level to help protect all of your internet browsing. Then, if you took the additional measures of configuring your web browser or upgrading to a privacy-focused web browser, then you have taken a big leap forward in guarding your privacy on your desktop devices.
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